Face 

Edge of a bound publication opposite the spine is also called as foredge and abbreviation for typeface referring to a family of a general style. 
 
Fake Duotone 
Halftone in one ink color printed over screen tint of a second ink color is also called dummy duotone, dougraph, duplex halftone, false duotone, flat tint halftone and halftone with screen. 
 
Fast Color Inks 
Inks with colors that retain their density and resist fading as the product is used and washed. 
 
Feeding Unit 
Component of a printing press that moves paper into the register unit. 
 
Felt Finish 
Soft woven pattern in text paper. 
 
Felt Side 
Side of the paper that was not in contact with the Fourdrinier wire during papermaking, as compared to wire side. 
 
Fifth Color 
Ink color used in addition to the four needed by four-color process. 
 
Film Gauge 
Thickness of film. The most common gauge for graphic arts film is 0.004 inch (0.1 mm). 
 
Film Laminate 
Thin sheet of plastic bonded to a printed product for protection or increased gloss. 
 
Fine Papers 
Papers made specifically for writing or commercial printing, as compared to coarse papers and industrial papers is also called as cultural papers and graphic papers. 
 
Fine Screen 
Screen with ruling of 150 lines per inch (80 lines per centimeter) or more. 
 
Finish 
(1) Surface characteristics of paper.
(2) General term for trimming, folding, binding and all other post press operations. 
 
Finished Size 
Size of product after production is completed, as compared to flat size is also called as trimmed size. 
 
Fit 
Refers to ability of film to be registered during stripping and assembly. Good fit means that all images register to other film for the same job. 
 
Fixed Costs 
Costs that remain the same regardless of how many pieces are printed. Copyrighting, photography and design are fixed costs. 
 
Flat Color 
(1) Any color created by printing only one ink, as compared to a color created by printing four-color process. Also called block color and spot color. 
(2) Color that seems weak or lifeless. 
 
Flat Plan (Flats) 
Diagram of the flats for a publication showing imposition and indicating colors. 
 
Flat Size 
Size of product after printing and trimming, but before folding, as compared to finished size. 
 
Flexography 
Method of printing on a web press using rubber or plastic plates with raised images is also called aniline printing because flexographic inks originally used aniline dyes. Abbreviated flexo. 
 
Flood 
To print a sheet completely with an ink or varnish. Flooding with ink is also called painting the sheet. 
 
Flush Cover 
Cover trimmed to the same size as inside pages, as compared to overhang cover is also called as cut flush 

Flyleaf 
Leaf, at the front and back of a case bound book that is the one side of the end paper not glued to the case. 
 
Fogging Back 
Used in making type more legible by lowering density of an image, while allowing the image to show through. 
 
Foil Emboss 
To foil stamp and emboss an image is also called as heat stamp. 
 
Foil Stamp 
Method of printing that releases foil from its backing when stamped with the heated die. Also called block print, hot foil stamp and stamp. 
 
Folder 
A bindery machine dedicated to folding printed materials. 
 
Fold Marks 
With printed matter, markings indicating where a fold is to occur, usually located at the top edges. 
 
Foldout 
Gatefold sheet bound into a publication, often used for a map or chart is also called as gatefold and pullout. 
 
Folio (page number) 
The actual page number in a publication. 
 
Form 
Each side of a signature is also called as spelled forme. 
 
Format 
Size, style, shape, layout or organization of a layout or printed product. 
 
Form bond 
Lightweight bond, easy to perforate, made for business forms are also called as register bond. 
 
Form Roller(s) 
Roller(s) that come in contact with the printing plate, bringing it ink or water. 
 
For Position Only 
Refers to inexpensive copies of photos or art used on mechanical to indicate placement and scaling, but not intended for reproduction. Abbreviated FPO. 
 
Forwarding 
In the case book arena, the binding process which involves folding, rounding, backing, headbanding and reinforcing. 
 
Fountain 
Trough or container, on a printing press, that holds fluids such as ink, varnish or water is also called as duct. 
 
Fountain Solution 
Mixture of water and chemicals that dampens a printing plate to prevent ink from adhering to the non image area is also called as dampener solution. 
 
Four-color Process Printing 
Technique of printing that uses black, magenta, cyan and yellow to simulate full-color images. Also called color process printing, full color printing and process printing. 
 
Free Sheet 
Paper made from cooked wood fibers mixed with chemicals and washed free of impurities, as compared to ground wood paper is also called as woodfree paper. 
 
French Fold 
A printed sheet, printed one side only, folded with two right angle folds to form a four page uncut section. 
 
Full-range Halftone 
Halftone ranging from 0 percent coverage in its highlights to 100 percent coverage in its shadows. 
 
Full-scale Black 
Black separation made to have dots throughout the entire tonal range of the image, as compared to half-scale black and skeleton black is also called full-range black. 
 
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